OUTLINE OF TUVINIAN FLAGS
by Dave Martucci
According to "State Flags and Coats of Arms of Tuva" by Prof. V.A. Sokolov, which appeared in the Flag Bulletin, issue #100 (May-Aug. 1983), there were seven flags used between 1921 and 1944, although only five were legally adopted. Add to that the two ASSR Flags and the present flag, making 10 flags in all since 1921.
People's Revolutionary Party Flag, 1921
The Tannu-Tuva People's Republic was established 14 August 1921 and was led by the People's Revolutionary Party. The original Party flag is in a museum in Kyzyl. (I only have a B&W image of it; colors in the above image are conjectural). Plain red flags were used.
Constitutions of 1921 and 1924 did not mention flags.
Tuvinian People's Republic State Flag, 1926-1930
Name changed to Tuvinian People's Republic in the Constitution of 24 November 1926, which established red flag with state arms in center.
The romanized alphabet was adopted in 1930. New version of state arms introduced 28 June 1930. Flag red with state arms in center. (no graphic available)
State arms again modified 18 October 1930. Flag red with state arms in center. (no graphic available)
Tuvinian People's Republic State Flag, 1933-1941
New state arms adopted in 1933. Flag red with state arms in center.
Tuvinian People's Republic State Flag, 1941-1943
Flag changed in new constitution of 25 June 1941. Red with initials of state ("TAR") in gold in canton. Proportions 1:2. Five-pointed star to be mounted on top of staff.
Tuvinian People's Republic State Flag, 1943-1944
Cyrillic letters introduced 8 September 1943; initials on flag changed ("TAP") as a matter of course, not law.
USSR absorbs TPR, which became an autonomous region of the RSFSR 11 October 1944. Local flags and arms abolished.
Tuvinian ASSR State Flag, 1961-1978
Tuvinian ASSR established 10 October 1961; on 10 January 1962 the "Law on the Coat of Arms, Flag, and Capital of the Republic" passed. Flag of RSFSR with Russian cyrillic inscription ("Tuvinian ASSR") in gold letters.
Tuvinian ASSR State Flag, 1978-1992
State flag changed 10 November 1978 by addition of inscription in Tuvinian language ("Tuva ASSR") as well as in Russian.
Flag of Tuva since 1992
Present flag of Tuva was designed by Oyun-ool Sat 18 September 1992. White suggests silver (clean thoughts) and the silver streamers draped over a hostess' arms as she greets guests. Yellow suggests gold (riches) as well as Buddhism. Light blue suggests the courage and firmness of the nomadic herdsmen (and the big blue Tuvan sky!). The stripes represent the confluence of the Bii-Khem and Kaa-Khem rivers at Kyzyl, where they form the Ulug-Khem (Yenisei). This info from Kerry Yackoboski.
The Flag and Arms of Tuva
To the New England Journal of Vexillology page.